March 14th, 2012
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63% homes have phones but more than half homes have no toilets

census-2011New Delhi: The final figures of the first phase of Census 2011 known as Houselisting and Housing Census were released by Union Home Secretary, Shri R.K. Singh in New Delhi today. The census has made some very fascinating revelations.

There is an increase of 16% in television. Less than 1 out of 10 households have Computer/laptop with only 3% having internet facility. 63% households have Telephone/mobile facility with 82% in urban and 54% in rural area.

The penetration of mobile phone is 59% and landline is 10%. This gives a rosy picture of a country that is on the path of information and communication development. However though the number of people owning mobile phones is on a steady rise, a great chunk of Indian population that is arming itself with mobile phones still attend their natures call in open spaces.  53.1 per cent — or over half of Indian households — do not have access to something as basic as a toilet. Only 46.9 per cent of the total 246.6 million households have toilet facilities. Of the rest, 3.2 per cent use public toilets. And 49.8 per cent ease themselves in the open.

Registrar-General and Census Commissioner C Chandramouli said the lack of sanitary facilities “continues to be a big concern for the country.” “Cultural and traditional reasons,” he argued, “and lack of education seemed to be the primary reasons for this unhygienic practice. We have to do a lot in these areas.”

In the modes of transport 45% of the household are having bicycle, 21% two wheelers and 5% four wheelers. There is an increase of 9 pt in two wheeler and 2 pt in four wheelers, with bicycle showing increase of 1 pt only. 59% of the households are availing banking facilities with 68% in urban and 54% in rural areas. The rural urban difference has reduced from 19 to 13 pt. As far as Main source of lighting is concerned, 67% households use electricity which shows an increase of 11pt over 2001. The rural-urban gap has reduced by 7 percentage points from 44% in 2001 to 37%.

However, Only 47% of households have source of water within the premises while 36% of households have to fetch water from a source located within 500 m in rural areas/100 m in urban areas and 17% still fetch drinking water from a source located more than 500 m away in rural areas or 100 m in urban area. Two-thirds of households continue to use firewood, crop residue, cow dung cakes or coal for cooking — putting women to significant health hazards and hardship.


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